The AAA is Committed to Creating a More Diverse, Equitable, and Inclusive Environment


Celebrating Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage

Yuji Ijiri

Spotlight on AAPI

Yuji Ijiri

An outstanding accounting teacher and researcher, Yuji received many honors. He is the only four-time recipient of the AICPA-AAA's Notable Contributions to Accounting Literature Award (1966, 1967, 1971, 1976). In 1985 he was selected as the AAA's Distinguished International Lecturer and in 1986 he received our Outstanding Accounting Educator Award. Learn More


PBS Series: Asian Americans

A fascinating film series on the history of Asian Americans described by PBS in part: “told through intimate and personal lives, the series will cast a new lens on U.S. history and the ongoing role that Asian Americans have played in shaping the nation’s story.” In addition to viewing the series, check out the “For Educators” tab that provides shorter clips that, though suggested for secondary education, we might find useful in our own classrooms. More Information


Statement from the White House

Click here to read A Proclamation on Asian American and Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander Heritage Month, 2021

Academic Research and Literature


Perceived ethnic discrimination, race-related stress, and coping styles by Lori Ezzedine and Senel Poyrazli 2020 International Journal of Educational Research

Based on surveys of 250 non-white college students (51% Asian) the authors report students use behavioral disengagement to cope with racial stress and suggest that this negative coping style may reflect the possibility that students do not have an established social support system, a positive coping style, where they currently reside.

Race on Campus Debunking Myths with Data by Julie J. Park

Recipient of the 2020 American Educational Studies Association Critics Choice Award draws on the latest empirical research on admissions and racial dynamics of campus life to challenge pervasive myths on how race works in higher education. Using a conversational style, Dr. Park helps readers to "examine their assumptions and gain a more informed perspective on diversity in higher education."

Minor Feelings An Asian American Reckoning by Cathy Park Hong

Recipient of the National Book Critics Circle Award for Autobiography, Cathy Park Hong provides her candid and authentic view of being Asian in America, where "our status here remains conditional; belonging is always promised and just out of reach."

Spotlight on Implicit Bias

Video Resources

Celebrating Black History

The 100th Anniversary of the First African-American CPA

John W. Cromwell, Jr.

New Hampshire, 1921

Born into a prominent Washington, D.C., family, John Cromwell graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Dartmouth College in 1906. He taught math at a Black high school in D.C., and returned to New Hampshire to take the CPA examination in 1921. At that time, CPA firms refused to hire African Americans and New Hampshire made it possible for Cromwell to earn his license because it did not yet have an experience requirement. Cromwell continued to teach and was later controller at Howard University.Learn More at the Black CPA Centennial website On evenings and weekends, he worked as a CPA for Black-owned businesses in the D.C. area.

Joe J. Cramer, Jr., CPA, PhD

became the sixty-third African-American CPA in 1961 and the ninth African American to hold a doctorate in accounting when he earned his Ph.D. from Indiana University in 1963, and was the first Black tenure-track accounting professor at a predominantly white institution.

To learn more about Dr. Cramer's contributions to our profession, see this panel with three of his former students and his three children, click here.

He was an influential researcher and published in many top journals, including four sole-authored articles in The Accounting Review. At Penn State, he earned promotion to full professor, served as department chair, and in 1974 was named Arthur Anderson Faculty Fellow in the College of Business Administration. He went on to become Associate Dean of the Business School at Howard University in Washington D.C.

Dr. Cramer also served on the AICPA's Committee on Recruitment from Disadvantaged Groups and the AAA's Minority Faculty Development Committee. In both his academic and service roles, he mentored and championed Black undergraduate and graduate students. He died in 1986 at the age of 48 due to HIV-related illness.

Mary T. Washington

was the first African-American woman to earn a CPA. Born in Vicksburg, Mississippi on April 21, 1906, she was raised by her grandparents in Chicago. She excelled as a math student, earning her bachelor's degree in business from Northwestern University in 1941.

She founded an accounting firm in 1939; today Washington, Pittman and McKeever, LLC is one of the most successful firms in the nation. By the 1960s, Washington had provided the experience requirement to more Black CPAs than any other member of the profession, many of whom went on to leadership positions in government and business in Chicago.

In 2006 her partner Lester McKeever joined with the Illinois CPA Society and the CPA Endowment Fund of Illinois to establish the Mary T. Washington Wylie Opportunity Fund to support diversity in the accounting profession.